Statement of Significance (as of designation - ):
Name for its cattle brand, the 101 Ranch was established by Colonel George Washington Miller in 1879. Miller, traveling from Missouri through Texas to Cherokee territory in northern Oklahoma with six men. After relocating the original ranch in 1892, Miller leased 100,000 acres of land and built the largest diversified farm and cattle ranch in the United States. The 200 cowhands working the ranch developed a reputation for excellence and whenever they competed in the local round-up competitions, usually won. The 101 Ranch's crew of cowhands was made of black and white cowboys, most notably Bill Pickett. The crew eventually began putting on shows called the 101 Ranch Wild West Show and became world-famous, performing in London at the Anglo-American Exposition in 1914. The ranch is of historical siginificance because of its place in western history and American popular entertainment. In addition, Bill Pickett and his bull-dogging technique made him famous while a member of the 101 Ranch show.