Statement of Significance (as of designation - October 6, 2008):
The Forty Acres holds multiple layers of extraordinary national significance for its close association with the productive career of César Chávez, the farmworker movement, and a wider range of reform movements that helped define twentieth-century American history, and in particular, the Chicano Movement. Forty Acres served as the headquarters for the first permanent agricultural labor union in the United States, the United Farmworkers of America (UFW), established for the purpose of bringing about improved working conditions for migrant workers. The union's members are responsible for the passage of the first law in the United States that recognized the collective bargaining rights of farmworkers, the California Agricultural Labor Relations Act of 1975. Chávez's first public fast, one of many movement tactics, took place at the service station resulting in national media attention for the farmworker movement and bolstering Chavez's public image. Forty Acres represents not only the legacy of Cesar Chavez's and the union's work toward better working conditions for Mexican-American and Filipino agricultural workers, but an overall improvement in civil rights for Mexican-Americans and other minorities in the United States.