Statement of Significance (as of designation - April 15, 1970):
Holy Assumption Russian Orthodox Church has been the principal and most enduring representative of Russian culture in southcentral Alaska from 1841 to the present. For the Kenaitze Indians, the church was the major institution for assimilation into western culture, serving as an educational, religious, administrative, and judicial center into the twentieth century. The church is a classic example of Russian ship design. Its icons are rare examples of Russian iconography. The site consists of the church (1895-96), rectory, cemetery, and chapel (1906), located on the Russian Mission Reserve in the City of Kenai.