Statement of Significance (as of designation - May 30, 1974):
This brick meeting house was built in 1806 for the congregation of the "African Baptist Church", which had been founded a year earlier. Built by black labor, it was the first black church in Boston and is also the oldest existing African-American church building in the United States. William Lloyd Garrison founded the New England Anti-Slavery Society here in 1832, and many leading abolitionists spoke from its pulpit. The Meeting House, restored to its 1850s appearance, is now the Museum of Afro American History and the heart of the Boston African American National Historic Site.