Statement of Significance (as of designation - February 17, 2006):
Murie Ranch is the most important property associated with Adolph, Olaus and Margaret (Mardy) Murie, whose studies and advocacy changed the way the federal government and scientific community study and manage natural lands and their wildlife populations. The Muries supported an ecological approach to wildlife management which considers all the organisms in a biotic community to be important for their interaction with each other and minimal human intervention in the natural environment which led to the establishment of national Wilderness areas. The Muries placed a strong emphasis on public education to create support for protection of natural areas and were influential in the creation of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Adolph and Olaus Murie carried out important baseline studies of major American mammals such as grizzlies, wolves, elk and coyotes, examining them as part of their ecology rather than as isolated organisms, and providing a foundation for their study and management today.