Statement of Significance (as of designation - April 5, 2005):
This site contains evidence of some of the earliest human occupations in Eastern North America. Meadowcroft Rockshelter demonstrates that humans have been in the Americas since at least 16,000 years before the present. The site was periodically utilized and reoccupied from the earliest Paleo-Indian times through the Archaic and Woodland periods by Native American peoples, and during the Historic period by European Americans. It has provided one of the longest, if not the actual longest, stratified sequence of cultures in the United States, and evidence for some of the earliest domesticated crops in the northeastern United States. Meadowcroft has revolutionized how archeologists view the peopling of the New World.