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Tolowot, Gunther Island Site 67

Eureka, California
County of Humboldt.
National Register Number: 66000208
Resource type: Site.
Property type: Domestic - village site (pueblo group). The threat level was Watch in
Congressional District: CA-1 Certified Local Government: NO

Statement of Significance (as of designation - July 19, 1964):
Tolowot (900 AD), one of the largest Wiyot villages, was located on this site, which typifies the late prehistoric period and was instrumental in outlining the prehistory of the northern California coast. The site, a shell mound encompassing approximately 6 acres and attaining depths of up to 14 feet, is also nationally significant for the large amount of archeological research material remaining, for its importance as a Wiyot village and ceremonial center, and as the scene of an infamous massacre of Wiyot people in 1860.

The site is threatened by erosion from waves, rain, and wind which damage stratified deposits. Every high tide brings further losses. The Wiyot Tribe and the city of Eureka installed a temporary erosion control system. The owners are exploring the design and cost of a more permanent system.

There are no changes since the last reporting period

Recommendation/Change since last report:
Endangered archeological deposits need to be recovered. On-site monitoring with periodic measurement of site erosion is needed to ascertain the rate of site loss. A preservation plan should be developed to protect the resource.

Comments and questions about the database may be directed to NHL_info@nps.gov