Statement of Significance (as of designation - January 20, 1999):
This house was the home of tenor saxophonist and American jazz pioneer John Coltrane from 1952 until his death in 1967, including the critical years during which he developed his characteristic musical language. A musician and composer, Coltrane is a principle figure in twentieth century American music who played a central role in the development of jazz during the 1950s and 1960s. He took the American jazz tradition as it had developed by the late 1940s with its established forms and harmonies and radically transformed it, pioneering modal harmonies and incorporating influences from a variety of international sources. He is also, along with Louis Armstrong and Charlie Parker, one of the most influential performing soloists in the history of jazz.