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Fort Mitchell Site

Fort Mitchell, Alabama
County of Russell.
National Register Number: 72000178
Resource type: Site.
Property type: Defense - fortification. The threat level was Threatened in
Congressional District: AL-3 Certified Local Government: NO

Statement of Significance (as of designation - June 21, 1990):
Consisting of the archeological remains of two early 19th century palisaded military forts (established 1813 and 1825); the Creek Trading House or Factory (1817-20); the Creek Indian Agency (1821-32); the Thomas Crowell Tavern (c. 1825); two hisotric cemeteries and the remains of the Federal Road (1811), this site represents the remains of three different attempts to deal with Native Americans in the Southwest United States. The first Fort Mitchell represents the military aspect of Manifest Destiny, by which the Creek Indian Nation was militarily defeated and forced to make concessions of land to the United States. The second Fort Mitchell, the Indian Factory, Indian Agency and Crowell's Tavern sites represent the Federal government's attempt to live up to its treaty obligations. The second Fort Mitchell also represents the third phase of dealing with the Creeks, enforcement of an Indian Removal Policy, as a solution to further military action to protect the Creek Indians.

The condition of this resource varies. As with many such facilities under local control, an attempt has been made to exploit the facility as much as possible. For example, portions of the second fort were destroyed to create an incorrect reconstruction of the first fort. Likewise, today the location of the major dump associated with the forts is being used as a horse pen. This has perhaps created damage to the archaeological record in this location.

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