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British Fort

Sumatra, Florida
County of Franklin.
Fort Gadsden State Hist. Site, 6 miles southwest of Sumatra
National Register Number: 72000318
Resource type: Site.
Property type: Defense - fortification. The threat level was Satisfactory in
Congressional District: FL-2 Certified Local Government: NO
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Current use/information: Open to the public.

Statement of Significance (as of designation - May 15, 1975):
Site of a fort established by the British in 1814 in conjunction with the War of 1812. After the war, the fort became known as "Negro Fort," because of the runaway slaves who occupied it. In 1816 the U.S. Army destroyed the fort, helping precipitate the First Seminole War. Also contains site of Ft. Gadsen occupied by U.S. troops from 1818-1821.

The landmark is in good condition. There is some erosion of the site into the Apalachicola River. There is currently a full-time host living at the site. Maintenance is done on a regular basis.

There are no changes since the last report. (2002)

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