Virginia Vermiculite Limited still mines vermiculite within the district. The area of the mining activity has not increased and is still contained north of US Highway 22.
Development continues to place pressure on the district. Just south of the district in Zions Crossroads, a large distribution center was constructed and more industrial development is expected. A large housing development which contains over 1,400 homes and a golf course is currently being built. This has significantly increased vehicular traffic.
The tract of land that was owned by the Commonwealth of Virginia for the proposed prison was sold. It is currently being utilized to mine water for use in the Zion's Crossroads development. Approximately one million gallons of water per day is being piped from the district. There is great concern that the long term effects and the recharge rate of the aquifer have not been studied. Historic Green Spring's has challenged the use of the water in state court. This could have a negative effect on the agriculture, creeks and wells in the district if the level of water mining impacts the water table.
The issue of the unauthorized activity continues. After the owner of one property under easement removed the historic front porch, a preliminary injunction was granted in US District Court to prevent the land owner from further unapproved work. After removing the historic siding, he was convicted of criminal contempt of federal court. The property has recently been sold without the restoration of the siding and porch. The NPS is working with the new land owner to correct the previous damage.
The extraction of groundwater on the 190-acre tract East of U.S. Route 15 would destroy the groundwater resources essential to the agricultural and preservation land uses of the historic district and the conservation easements held by property owners in the district. Fifty acres of this tract have already been purchased by Louisa County from the Commonwealth of Virginia with the purpose of extracting groundwater for the Zion Crossroads Development Zone, several miles south of the district. Historic Green Springs, Inc. has brought suit against the Commonwealth and Western Land Co., LLC in Louisa County Circuit Court to block the sale of the remaining 140 acres to Western Land Co., LLC. The intent of Western Land is also to mine groundwater resources to serve an off-site residential development of some 1,200 homes proposed in the Zion Crossroads area. The extraction of massive quantities of groundwater from the district has great potential to affect large numbers of landowners.