Statement of Significance (as of designation - May 30, 1974):
In the spring of 1863 this Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi was the scene of bitter fighting. The active participation of the First and Third Regiments of the Louisiana Native Guards - the former of free blacks led by black officers and the latter of ex-slaves led by white officers- showed that Blacks would fight. Port Hudson was the last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River to fall to Union Forces. This event separated Arkansas, Texas, and much of Louisiana from the rest of the Confederacy.