Statement of Significance (as of designation - January 16, 1980):
From 1933 until her death, this was the principal residence of noted American novelist Pearl S. Buck (1892-1973), the only American woman to win the Nobel Prize for Literature. Buck purchased this farm with royalties from her novel, THE GOOD EARTH. The novel won the 1932 Pulitzer Prize, and in 1938 Buck won the Nobel Prize for literature "for rich and genuine epic portrayals of Chinese life, and for masterpieces of biography." Buck's work interpreted the East for the West and did much to dispel the traditional myth of the inscrutable orient.