Statement of Significance (as of designation - July 17, 1991):
Begun in 1849, this is one of the most impressive pre-Civil War mills in the Midwest. Situated on the bluffs above the Ohio River, the mill operated for over 100 years, manufacturing thread and cloth. It was one of the first American mill buildings which strove to wed utility and aesthetics. Innovative in design, using steam instead of water power and Southern cotton as raw material, the manufactory never reached its goal as a major industrial center in spite of the fact that it was constructed as a challenge to the textile industry of New England.