Statement of Significance (as of designation - May 11, 1976):
Residence (1923-56) of Jeanette Rankin, first woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives (1916). She served two terms (1917-19) and (1941-43). Best remembered for her pacifism, she played an important role in women's rights and social reform movement. She was the only member of the House to oppose the declaration of war against Japan in 1941.