Statement of Significance (as of designation - December 8, 1976):
Home (1910-27) of the popular African American singer who in the 1920s achieved stardom on Broadway and in Europe, thus becoming a symbol of success for Black Americans. Ms. Mills starred in such productions as "Shuffle Along", the first large-scale musical composed, directed and performed by African Americans. With her performance, she became the "Toast of Broadway" overnight, and was regarded as a role model for African Americans. Her death at age 32 cut short her burgeoning career and her efforts to improve race relations.