Statement of Significance (as of designation - July 17, 1991):
This building (1927) was the hub of the beauty industry initiated and developed by Madame C.J. Walker (1867-1919), the first Black woman to open the field of cosmetology as a new and lucrative industry for Black women. For years, the Walker Company was the most successful Black business in the United States. Besides being the national headquarters and manufacturing site where approximately 3,000 women were employed, the Walker Company also served as a community cultural center, housing a ballroom and theater (recently restored and reopened.) The Walker Theater is one of the few remaining examples of Africanized architecture popularized in the 1920s and '30s.