Statement of Significance (as of designation - May 28, 1987):
The Japanese launched an attempt to capture these islands in June 1942. American forces, ordered by Admiral Nimitz to intercept the Japanese attack, struck back after the Japanese fleet had begun its attack. The Japanese Navy never fully recovered from the American victory in this battle, and it restored American Naval power in the Pacific. This battle proved to be the turning point of the Pacific theater of World War II.