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Colter, Mary Jane, Buildings

Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona
County of Coconino.
South Rim, Grand Canyon National Park, P.O. Box 129
National Register Number: 87001436
Resource type: District.
Property type: Historic District: Historical. The threat level was Satisfactory in
Congressional District: AZ-1 Certified Local Government: NO
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Current use/information: Grand Canyon National Park; See www.nps.gov/grca.

Statement of Significance (as of designation - May 28, 1987):
These four structures reflect the Mary Elizabeth Jane Colter's important work in Park architecture over the first three decades of the 20th century. The Hopi House (1905) is modelled after a Hopi Pueblo and its design was a product of a movement in the Southwest to preserve tangible aspects of Indian cultures. The Lookout (1914) was the first building, in what became a National Park area, to appear to grow out of the landscape; it serves as a prime lesson in creating architecture harmonious with landscape. Hermit's Rest (1914) is similar to The Lookout, but has many aspects of a medieval fairytale castle, creating a sense of nostaglia. Desert View Watchtower (1931) has particularly noteworthy interior spaces based on circular forms; archeology and ethnohistory played a large part in the design of this towered overlook.

There are four buildings included in this National Historic Landmark. Hopi House: There are no threats.The Watchtower's exterior stone veneer is in serious need of re-pointing of grout joints as it allows, in many places, infiltration of water into the building, damaging structure and significant murals alike. Roofing and deck membranes need replacement.The Hermit's Rest is in need of new roofing. The Lookout has no pressing threats at this time.

A Historic Structure Report was conducted in 2007.

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