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Hudson River State Hospital, Main Building

Poughkeepsie, New York
County of Dutchess.
National Register Number: 89001166
Resource type: Building.
The threat level was Threatened in
2004.
Congressional District: NY-19 Certified Local Government: NO
Current use/information: Partially in use as medical facility..

Statement of Significance (as of designation - June 30, 1989):
The Hudson River State Hospital is the first significant example of the high Victorian Gothic style applied to institutional construction in the United States. Designed by Frederick C. Withers, it represents the culmination of late-nineteenth century Gothic Revival architecture, and established Withers' reputation as one of its finest practitioners. The facility was modeled on principles promoted by Dr. Thomas Kirkbride for the treatment of the insane and also exemplified the talents of one of America's greatest landscape architects, Frederick Law Olmsted.

Condition:
The New York State Office of Mental Health has completely vacated the building. Although the Office still maintains surveillance but no longer heats the central part of the building. The structure's long-abandoned extensive wings have continued to deteriorate and are in need of stabilization, rehabilitation, and reuse.

The formal transfer of the hospital from New York State to a private company, Hudson Heritage LLC, is imminent. When complete, the company plans to rehabilitate the complex as a mixed-use real estate development project in conformance with the Secretary of the Interior's Standards, using the federal historic rehabilitation tax incentive program. Contract signing is imminent with closing date to be established. The developer will, if possible, rehabilitate the entire structure.

Recommendation/Change since last report:
The successful rehabilitation of this building for a compatible new use is imperative for the preservation of this Landmark.


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