Statement of Significance (as of designation - June 19, 1996):
Fort Boonesborough served as the primary defensive sanctuary, communication center, and political seat for hundreds of settlers who entered Kentucky in the 1770s-1790s. Boonesborough was one of the earliest attempts at Euro-American settlement in Kentucky. The role of this western frontier settlement in the American Revolution was pivotal in securing and holding the trans-Appalachian area for future American settlement. The site of Fort Boonesborough is of national significance with regard to western expansion of the American frontier, for its association with Daniel Boone, and for its research potential to provide information on the lifeways of early settlers of Kentucky and the Appalachian frontier.