Statement of Significance (as of designation - April 19, 1994):
From 1945 until his death, this was the home and workplace of Jackson Pollock (1912-1956), considered one of the most revolutionary figures in the history of 20th-century art and a key ingredient in what has been called "the triumph of American painting." With Pollock taking his art to a transcendent level and other artists of talent seizing courage from his bold example, the locus of the art world shifted from Paris to New York. It was while living here with his wife Lee Krasner that Pollock, in 1947, invented the technique of pouring and propelling paint through the air and initiated his use of metallic paint. Jackson Pollock created the most forceful oeuvre of his time. Lee Krasner, Pollock's wife, worked in his shadow, devoting much of her time and energy to saving Pollock from destruction; nevertheless, she found time to work at her own Abstract Expressionist painting, and is now recognized as an important artist.