Statement of Significance (as of designation - October 12, 1994):
Fort Mose, a free Black military and residential community, officially known as Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose, was the first legally sanctioned free Black community within the present boundaries of the United States. Its inhabitants were mainly runaway Black slaves from the British colonies of South Carolina and Georgia, who escaped to freedom in Spanish Florida in small groups at least as early as 1687. They emigrated to Cuba in 1763 when Spain ceded Florida to Great Britain. The site is not open to the public.