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American and English Camps, San Juan Island

Friday Harbor, Washington
County of San Juan.
Friday Harbor vicinity
National Register Number: 66000369
Resource type: District.
Property type: Defense - military facility. The threat level was Satisfactory in
Congressional District: WA-2 Certified Local Government: NO
This NHL offers public access.
Please contact the NHL directly for visitor information.
Current use/information: National Park: www.nps.gov/sajh.

Statement of Significance (as of designation - November 5, 1961):
These sites are associated with the mid-19th century conflict about the water boundary between Vancouver Island, British Columbia, and the U.S. Oregon Territory. Events came to a head in 1859, when an American settler shot a British pig. Words were exchanged, armed forces of both sides faced off on San Juan Island, and the "Affair of the Pig" almost led to war. After skillful, if belated, negotiations, the two nations agreed to joint occupation, and for a dozen years both maintained armed forces at these two camps on San Juan Island. At last the 1871 Treaty of Washington provided for a peaceful settlement of this dispute and the settlement of the boundary between Canada and the United States for the first time in history.

The landmark is in good condition.

No changes since the last report.

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