Statement of Significance (as of designation - January 20, 1961):
Blackwater Draw, an extinct riverbed, contains two separate sites of great archeological significance. Both have yielded information about the nature of humans and their environment at the end of the last period of glaciation. Blackwater Draw Locality No. 1 is the type site of the Clovis Culture. Both it and Locality No. 2 (Anderson Basin) were discovered when wind erosion exposed remains of extinct Pleistocene animals. A hand-dug well at Locality No. 1 represents one of man's earliest known attempts in the New World to contol water. Eastern New Mexico State University owns and interprets the site.