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Glorieta Pass Battlefield

Glorieta, New Mexico
County of Santa Fe.
10 miles southeast of Santa Fe on U.S. 84-85
National Register Number: 66000486
Resource type: Site.
Property type: Defense - battle site. The threat level was Threatened in
Congressional District: NM-3 Certified Local Government: YES
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Current use/information: In Pecos National Historic Site.

Statement of Significance (as of designation - November 5, 1961):
In February 1862, a Confederate brigade of 2,500 Texans marched up the Rio Grande Valley, with the intention of driving through Albuquerque and Santa Fe, and onto Denver; 1,300 Federal soldiers moved to intercept them. The armies met at Glorieta Pass in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains. The battle of Glorieta Pass (March 26-28, 1862) ended a Confederate invasion of New Mexico that threatened to seize a large part of the Southwest.

Traffic on NM 50 has been determined through a number of studies to be the single-most damaging impact on the battlefield properties (one structure and cultural landscape directly impacted). Vibrations from a constant flow of vehicular traffic (including tractor-trailers) on NM50, development on private land within and next to the battlefield, unauthorized access, and lack of money to purchase land within both sub-units of Glorieta Pass Battlefield continue to cause significant loss of historic resources and intrusion in the core of the battlefield. The prolonged acquisition by the park of the battlefield property results in continual loss of historic resources and pre-empts the park from meeting its congressional mandates (1990) of preservation and education for those resources. Vibration mitigation panels remain in place on two of the walls in the one surviving structure located in the core of the battlefield (Pigeon’s Ranch Sub-unit) and occupied at the time of the battle. Vacant contemporary buildings remain in the core of the Battlefield, Pigeon’s Ranch Sub-unit. Pecos National Historical Park continues to manage the Glorieta Battlefield. Historic resource studies are lacking for the battlefield and requests for NPS project money to conduct a baseline archeological inventory survey are not within the projected funding tables through 2010.

There are no changes since the last reporting period.

Recommendation/Change since last report:
Park management should continue to work with the NM Department of Transportation to arrive at a solution to highway safety and preservation of the Glorieta Battlefield. An archeological baseline inventory should be conducted for the Glorieta Unit of Pecos NHP. A Historic Structure Report should be completed for Pigeon’s Ranch Building. Land within the legislated boundaries of Pecos NHP should continue to be acquired.

Comments and questions about the database may be directed to NHL_info@nps.gov