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Hawikuh

Zuni, New Mexico
County of Valencia.
Post Office Box 339
National Register Number: 66000502
Resource type: Site.
Property type: Domestic - village site (pueblo group). The threat level was Threatened in
2008.
Congressional District: NM-2 Certified Local Government: NO
This NHL offers public access.
Please contact the NHL directly for visitor information.
Current use/information: May be visited with permission from the Zuni tribal office and a guide: 505-782-7022.

Statement of Significance (as of designation - October 9, 1960):
Established in the 1200s and abandoned in 1680, the Zuni pueblo of Hawikuh, largest of the "Cities of Cibola", was the first pueblo seen by Spanish explorers. In 1539, the Black scout Estevan became the first non-Indian to reach this area; he was killed by the people of Hawikuh as he entered their city. The next year, when the Coronado Expedition reached the fabled pueblo, they found not gold but a small, crowded, dusty sandstone village.

Condition:
There has been an illicit collecting of artifacts.

There is a continued archeological survey of the July 8, 1540 Coronado battle site at Hawikuh. Collection of artifacts associated with this battle are curated by Zuni.


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