Statement of Significance (as of designation - January 12, 1965):
This 5-story brownstone row house is the best extant building associated with the career of President Chester A. Arthur (1830-1886). He apparently took his oath of office here, occasionally visited it during his tenure as chief executive, and lived here after his public service ended in 1885. Chester Arthur brought a sense of duty and integrity to the White House following the assassination of President Garfield in September, 1881. Although his career had been bolstered by a powerful Republican machine dependent on spoils, once he was in the presidency he emerged as a dignified and honest chief executive and a major supporter of civil rights reform.