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United States Military Academy

West Point, New York
County of Orange.
New York 218
National Register Number: 66000562
Resource type: District.
Property type: Education - college. The threat level was Watch in
Certified Local Government: NO
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Please contact the NHL directly for visitor information.
Current use/information: Tours available.
Web Site: www.usma.edu.

Statement of Significance (as of designation - December 19, 1960):
Troops have been stationed at this pivotal spot guarding the Hudson River since January 1778, making West Point the oldest permanently occupied military post in the country. Benedict Arnold commanded the post here during the Revolutionary War and attempted to betray it to the British in 1780. Congress established the U.S. Military Academy here in 1802. Buildings and memorials at the Academy attest to its long history, and its list of graduates reads like a "Who's Who" in American military service.

Erosion of the Revolutionary War earthworks has worsened, now constituting a long-term threat to their survival. Surviving cultural resources from the American Revolution last received stabilization and maintenance during the Bicentennial of the American Revolution (c. 1976). These resources are now demonstrating marked deterioration due to natural causes such as erosion and weathering, which are resulting in the loss of the distinguishing characteristics that make these resources eligible for the National Register of Historic Places. Loss of these resources would constitute an immediate adverse effect to the USMA National Historic Landmark.

Recommendation/Change since last report:
The following tasks have been identified as necessary for the preservation of significant resources: stabilization of Redoubt 4, stabilization of Romans Battery Magazine, Stabilization of Queensboro Furnace, Flirtation Walk rehabilitation, Redoubts 1 and 2 Viewing Platforms and Stabilization, Kosziuzko’s Garden Rehabilitation, Warner House Window Treatment, Stabilization of Redoubts 5,6, and 7 on Constitution Island, Stabilization of Battery Miegs and Redoubt Wyllis and associated battery, stabilization of River Batteries at Constitution Island, rehabilitation of ordnance compounds, stabilization of Chain Battery, stabilization of Warner House foundation, preservation and stabilization repairs at Fort Putnam, waterfront rehabilitation, and family housing rehabilitations. Because of staff constraints and the requirement for close supervision of these projects, projects must be phased over several fiscal years. Phasing has been established based upon levels of deterioration and anticipated loss of distinguishing characteristics displayed by the resources. Budgetary estimates for this work have been developed based on preservation and stabilization efforts currently underway for Redoubts 1 and 2 and their associated batteries.

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