[graphic] National Historic Landmarks Program header [graphic]NPS Arrowhead and link to www.nps.gov[photo] Chrysler Building, New York[photo] Brown Chapel, Selma AL[phtoto] Cape Hatteras Light Station, Buxton, North Carolina[photo] Pioneer Deep Space Station, Fort Irwin, CA
Aiken, William, House and Associated Railroad Structures

Charleston, South Carolina
County of Charleston.
456 King Street
National Register Number: 66000698
Resource type: District.
Property type: Domestic - single dwelling.
Congressional District: SC-6 Certified Local Government: YES
This NHL offers public access.
Please contact the NHL directly for visitor information.
Current use/information: City Visitor Center.

Statement of Significance (as of designation - November 4, 1963):
These structures are associated with William Aiken, Sr. (1779-1831), who in 1827 founded the South Carolina Canal and Railroad Company. Aiken's Charleston-to-Hamburg railroad was the first to use steam from the beginning of its operations; the first to use an American-made locomotive; and the first to carry the U.S. mail. When the 136-mile railroad, linking Charleston with Hamburg, South Carolina, was completed in 1833, it was the longest operating railroad in the world and the first to offer regular steam locomotive passenger service in the United States.

Comments and questions about the database may be directed to NHL_info@nps.gov