Statement of Significance (as of designation - December 29, 1962):
This late-18th-century farmhouse was the home of Herman Melville from 1850 to 1863. While living here, Melville wrote "Pierre" (1852), "Israel Potter" (1855), and "The Confidence Man" (1857) and - most important - completed his masterpiece, "Moby Dick (1851). Melville named his home Arrowhead after finding numerous Indian relics on the property. The Berkshire County Historical Society purchased Arrowhead in 1975 and maintains it as its museum and headquarters.