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Fort Brown

Brownsville, Texas
County of Cameron.
80 Fort Brown
National Register Number: 66000811
Resource type: District.
Property type: Defense - military facility. The threat level was Threatened in
Congressional District: TX-27 Certified Local Government: YES
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Current use/information: Texas Southernmost College has a golf course on the site..

Statement of Significance (as of designation - December 19, 1960):
Established in April 1846 by Brig. Gen. Zachary Taylor, Fort Brown was under siege at the time of the battle of Palo Alto, and its siege was raised by the Americans' defeat of the Mexican army at Resaca de la Palma. Troops stationed here fought the last battle of the Civil War; the fort was the center for troop activity during the Mexican bandit trouble of 1913-1917.

The original site of the Fort is threatened by flooding and by erosion from golfers walking or driving on the remaining breastworks of the original 1846 fort. The cannon itself is partially protected by the levee. Part of the site is on or under the U.S. International Boundary and Water Commission flood protection levee that protects the City of Brownsville, Texas. The potential for flooding will always exist due to the close proximity of the Rio Grande. The campusÂ’ historic buildings have been successfully restored and are being maintained in good condition. Some of the grout was retouched in the past year.

There are no changes since the last report.

Recommendation/Change since last report:
The University should restore and stabilize the portions of the 1846 fort that have been damaged by golfers, and protect the site from golfers and potential flooding.

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