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Pullman Historic District

Chicago, Illinois
County of Cook.
103rd Street, railroad tracks, 115th Street and Grove Avenue
National Register Number: 69000054
Resource type: District.
Property type: Historic District: Historical. The threat level was Watch in
2008.
Congressional District: IL-20 Certified Local Government: YES
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Current use/information: Historic District.

Statement of Significance (as of designation - December 30, 1970):
Constructed 1880-1884 for George M. Pullman (1831-1897), engineer and industrialist, Pullman was a completely planned model industrial town, representing a dramatic and pioneering departure from the unhealthy, over-crowded makeshift and unsanitary living conditions found in working-class districts in other 19th century industrial cities and town. In 1894, it was the focus of a bloody and violent strike which spread nation-wide over the railroad networks, prompting President Grover Cleveland to intervene with Federal troops and resulted in the use for the first time of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act to smash the unions.

Condition:
Severe physical deterioration of east assembly shops. Inapropriate alterations conducted by property owners.

Partial conservation of 1881 Hotel Florence under design. Maintenance/Interpretive pathways and site improvements on factory site.


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