Statement of Significance (as of designation - May 11, 1976):
From 1866 to 1877, this was the home of John Joseph Pershing (1860-1948), career Army officer. In 1917, as commander of the American Expeditionary Force sent to Europe, he exercised the greatest authority of any American general since Grant, and organized the largest army in our history to that time; his forces were an important factor in ending the war there. In 1919, Congress made Pershing General of the Armies, the first American to achieve that rank. Later, as Chief of Staff, he laid the groundwork for the reorganization and modernization of the Army which would prepare it for World War II.