Statement of Significance (as of designation - January 28, 1964):
Brigham Young (1801-1877), was the second president of the Mormon Church and colonizer of Utah. From 1852, when their construction began, until Young's death, these buildings were closely associated with events in Western expansion and settlement, and political, social, and religious movements of the era. During this time, Young was the predominent politcal and religious figure in Utah Territory. Young joined the Mormon Church in 1832, and by 1835 had become one of Joseph Smith's Twelve Apostles; after Smith's murder at the hands of a mob in 1844, Young became leader of the Church. In 1846, he led the Mormons out of Nauvoo, Illinois, and ultimately conducted a group of his followers to a site near Great Salt Lake, then in Mexican Territory.